The Unique Terroir
A combination of three conditions come together in quality winegrowing regions – soil, topography, and climate. The Golan Heights – with its basaltic soil, high altitude, and unique climate – is an ideal region for growing classic wine varieties of the highest quality
The Golan Heights is a basaltic plateau that was covered by volcanic eruptions 1-2 million years ago. The soil structure displays different characteristics along the plateau in various regions, deriving mainly from the soil’s age, origin, and development.
The Northern Golan
The northern Golan, with the Hermon Mountain, is made up of Tuff rock, an airy and light volcanic rock. The little holes can contain oxygen and water, as well as a lot of minerals. The wine and the grapes that are grown in the northern part of the Golan rarely need to be watered.
The soil itself is going to contain a lot of water inside those holes, which has caused something amazing for the grapes. The grapes know how to let their roots out into these little holes and they’re drinking the water out of the out of the rocks and out of the soil at their own pace.
The wines produced in the north tend to have a heavy body, due to their late harvest at the end of September into November. The extra few months gives the grapes more time to absorb the minerals in the soil, resulting in a California style wine.
The Southern Golan
The southern Golan has much warmer temperatures than the north, so the harvest almost is almost two months earlier. The harvest occurs when the grapes reach their best flavours, without being too sweet. This results in lighter bodied wines, with less sugar, and therefore less alcohol, closer to a French style wine.